Deaf Timelines – History & Heritage

Deaf Timelines – History & Heritage
Secular – Sports – Religious – Missions – Technology and News Events
Compiled By Dr. Ted Camp, SWM
Silent Word Publications – PO Box 889 – Trenton, Georgia 30752

 Revised & Upgraded January 2011

[As Printed in SWM Manual, DD03 Deaf Timeline]

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Your suggests, corrections, updates and comments are welcomed. We plan to update and revise as needed. We apologize if there are any discrepancies or incorrect information. These timelines were compiled from many sources and cannot be attested. While compiling and printing our two SWM manuals…

  1. “People Who Made a Difference in Deaf Ministries”
  2. “People Who Made a Difference in the Deaf World”

I saw the need of compiling them these booklets together in a sequence timeline, then the thought came to me, “Why not compile Deaf history and heritage to also include secular, sports, technology, religious, missions and news events.”

While compiling the information, I quickly learned to appreciate those who have gone before and made this timeline possible. It would not have been possible without their research and knowledge. Also, modern technology via Internet help make it very convenient. Again, we appreciate those who have gone before and recorded Deaf History and Deaf Heritage. Without them this timeline would not have been possible. We express our gratitude for their diligence,research and recording of deaf history and heritage. Deaf Timelines will continually be updated with new available information. Please send your dated information, changes, and suggestions to SWM. — Dr. Ted Camp, Founder, Silent Word Ministries.

First Printing June 2010 – Revised with New Additions January 2011

Note: SWM has tried to verify and attest the following dates and information to the best of our ability. If you note any information or data that is incorrect, please advise us, and it will be corrected in the next printing. Our goal is simply to inform the public, those in deaf ministries, and especially the Deaf concerning their Deaf Heritage & History. – Ted Camp

Deaf Timelines – History & Heritage
Deaf Timeline 1000 BC – 2010 AD

Bible Days – Religious! “And they bring unto him (Jesus) one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech… And he took him aside from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears (using signs/ gestures), and he spit, and touched his tongue; And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. And straightway his ears were opened, aplnd the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain” (Mark 7:32-35). This is the first Bible recording about a deaf person. – TC

Ancient Times – Quintus Pedius was a Roman painter and the first deaf person in recorded history known by name. He was the first recorded deaf painter and the first records of an educated deaf. This is recorded in a single passage of the Natural History by Roman author Pliny the Elder.

1000 BCHebrew law provided that the Deaf have limited rights to property and marriage. These laws protected deaf people from being cursed by others but prevent the deaf from participating fully in rituals of the Temple.

360 BCPlato’s Cratylus. In this, Socrates mentioned the use of signs by the deaf. Socrates discussed innate intelligence. He said persons born perfect but without speech gave no sign of intelligence. Therefore, Deaf people are incapable of language and ideas.

355 BC Aristotle said, “Those who are born deaf all become senseless and incapable of reason.”

99-55 BCLucretius, a Latin Poet who wrote only one poem. In his poem, he wrote, “To Instruct the deaf, no art can ever reach, no care to improve them, and no wisdom teach.” His one work was titled De Rerum Natura.

77 ADPliny the Elder published his Natural History. He mentioned Quintus Pedius, the son of a Roman Consul. Quintus was a very talented artist who happened to be Deaf. In order to be an artist, he had to first receive permission from Caesar Augustus.

354-430 ADAugustine believed that “faith cometh by hearing” so deafness is a hindrance to faith. However, he believed that Deaf people could learn and thus were able to receive faith and salvation. He referred to bodily movements, signs, and gestures, and believed that these modes were capable of transmitting thought and belief. He implied they were equal to spoken language in terms of reaching the soul.

529 – The Justinian Code, developed during reign of Emperor Justinian…The code denied deaf people the ability to hold and control property, make contracts, or write a valid will.

721St. Bede wrote about St. John of Beverly teaching a deaf-mute to speak.

1485 Rudolphus Agricola wrote about a deaf-mute who learned to read and write.

1500 Girolamo Cardano was the first physician to recognize the ability of the Deaf to reason and the first to challenge Aristotle’s belief that hearing was a requirement for understanding.

1500Joachin Dubellay (1522-1560), a deaf poet published Hymn to Deafness.

1521 – Dutch humanist, Rudolf Agricola, said Deaf could communicate via writing. He advocated the theory that the ability of speech was separate from the ability of thought.

1550Pedro Ponce de Leon began teaching the Deaf.

1575Lasso, a Spanish lawyer, argued that those who learn to speak are no longer dumb and therefore have a right to primogeniture (inheritance).

1614-1684John Bulwer a British Physician studied gestures. He published Philocopus, or The Deaf and Du
mbe Man’s Friend
in 1648 and Chirologia, also known as The Natural Language of the Hand in 1644. These were the first English books on deaf education and language. These books showed the use of manual signs but did not refer directly to the sign language of the Deaf. Bulwer also advocated the establishment of a school for the Deaf.

1616G. Bonifacio published a treatise discussing Sign Language, Of The Art of Signs.

1620 Juan Pablo Bonet published the first book on education of the deaf. Earliest records of Deaf Education occured in Spain. Melchor de Yebra and Juan Pablo de Bonet were prominent during this era. De Yebra was familiar with the hand alphabet used by monks sworn to vows of silence. He published those handshapes and publicized their use for religious purposes among deaf people to promote understanding of spiritual matters. Bonet reproduced de Yebra’s Simplification of the Letters of the Alphabet and Method of Teaching Deaf Mutes to Speak. He supported oralism, but used finger spelling to teach speech and literacy. He used this methodology so the deaf could be integrated with hearing society.

1644 John Bulwer published Chirologia (The Natural Language of the Hand).

1648 John Bulwer published The Deaf and Dumb Man’s Friend.

1653 John Wallis published De Loquela (a method of teaching English and speech).

1661George Dalgarno (Scotland) published Art of Communication.

1662Dr. John Wallis taught Whaley, a deaf man, to read and write.

1680 George Dalgarno, a Scottish Tutor, taught students to lipread, speak, and fingerspell. He published conclusions about education of the deaf in Didascalocophus, also known as The Deaf and Dumb Man’s Tutor, which supported the use of fingerspelling and gestures.

1691Alberti, a German physician, published the first book specifically regarding deafness. He stated that hearing and speech were separate functions. He believed Deaf people were rational and capable of thought, even though they lacked speech. He showed that the Deaf could read lips, understand speech, and read, without the ability to hear.

1700 – Johann Ammon (1669-1724) a Swiss medical doctor developed and published methods for teaching speech and lipreading to the deaf called Surdus Laquens.

17551760 Samuel Heinicke established the first oral school for the deaf in Germany.

1755 – Charles Michel Abbe de l’Epee established first free school for the deaf in the world, The Royal Institution of Deaf and Mutes in Paris, France. L’Epee supported the school at his own expense until his death. Later, the government began to support the school. His successor was the Abbe Roch Concurrou Sicard (1742-1822). It was Sicard who brought Laurent Clerc and Jean Massieu to London where they met Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet.

1760 – Thomas Braidwood founded the first British Academy for the deaf in England.

1776Abbe de l’Eppe published “Instruction of deaf and dumb by means of methodical signs.”

1778 – Samuel Heinicke, “Father of the German Method” (pure oralism) established a deaf school in Leipzig.

1780 – Charles Green of Boston became one of the earliest deaf Americans to receive formal education overseas in Scotland.

1782R.A. Sicard opened a school for the deaf at Bordeaux: wrote Theorie Des Signes (dictionary of signs).

1784 – Abba Silvestri opened first school for the deaf in Rome, Italy.

1789Abbe de l’Epee died.

1800 – The 18th Century was known as the Enlightenment Era Philosophers, Locke, Rousseau, and Condillac, debated the nature of language, the origin of language and thought, and signs. It was a period of spiritual and intellectual awakening.

1807 – Rev. John Stanford discovered deaf children in New York City almshouse. He later attempted to instruct them.

1812 – John Braidwood began teaching a private class of deaf children at Bolling Hall in Cobbs, Virginia. His attempt failed and he moved on to establish a small school at the Cobbs Plantation where he taught the Bolling children. The school closed in 1816.

1814 Thomas H. Gallaudet met Alice Cogswell (deaf).

1815Thomas H. Gallaudet departed for Europe to seek methods to teach the deaf.

1816Laurent Clerc (deaf) returned to America with Thomas H. Gallaudet.

1817American School for the Deaf was founded in Hartford, Connecticut by Mason Cogswell, Thomas H. Gallaudet, and Laurent Clerc. Note: The school was first referred to as Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb persons.

1818 – The New York Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb was founded.

1823Kentucky School for the Deaf opened in Danville. First school supported by state.

1829 – Ohio School for the Deaf opened in Columbus.

1830Thomas H. Gallaudet resigned as principal of American School for the Deaf.

1831 – Dr. Samuel Howe, the first director for the first school for the blind in the USA which later became known as the Perkins School for the Blind, he taught Laura Bridgman, who was the inspiration for Helen Keller.

1831 Alice Cogswell died. She was 25 years old.

1837 – St. Joseph’s School for the Deaf opened In St. Louis, Missouri. The first Catholic school for the deaf.

1839Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind opened in Staunton. The first school to integrate deaf and blind students.

1843 – Indiana School for the Deaf opened in Indianapolis.

1845 – North Carolina Schools (3) for the Deaf opened in Morganton (1845), Wilson (1965), and Greensboro (1975).

1845 – Tennessee School for the Deaf opened in Knoxville.

1846American Annals of the Deaf (AAD) began publication in Hartford at American School for the Deaf.

1846 – Georgia School for the Deaf opened in Cave Spring.

1846 – Illinois School for the Deaf opened in Jacksonville.

1847American Annals of the Deaf first proposed idea of higher education for deaf.

1849 – South Carolina School for the Deaf opened in Spartanburg.

1850 – Arkansas School for the Deaf opens in Little Rock.

1851Thomas Hopkins Gallaud
et died
September 10.

1851 – Missouri School for the Deaf opened in Fulton.

1852 – Louisiana State School for the Deaf opened in Baton Rouge.

1852 – Wisconsin School for the Deaf opened in Delavan.

1853New England Association of the Deaf was established at Montpelier, Vermont.

1854News! (Gallaudet) AAD featured an article, “The National College for Mutes” by John Carlin. The first honorary degree was granted to him in 1864.

1854 – Mississippi School for the Deaf opened in Jackson.

1854 – Michigan School for the Deaf opened in Flint.

1855 – John J. Flournoy first floated the idea of an independent deaf state sparking a debate in the deaf community.

1855 – Iowa School for the Deaf opened in Council Bluffs.

1856News! (Gallaudet) Amos Kendall donated two acres of land and a house to found a school for the deaf, dumb, and the blind.

1857News! (Gallaudet) On June 13, Kendall School (now Gallaudet University) was incorporated as the Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind on land owned by Postmaster General, Amos Kendall.

1857 – Texas School for the Deaf opened in Austin.

1858 – Alabama School for the Deaf opened in Talladega.

1859 – St. Mary’s School for the Deaf opened in Buffalo, New York.

1860 – California School for the Deaf opened in Berkeley.

1861 News! (Gallaudet) School buildings were used by Civil War soldiers as a hospital for sick soldiers. The soldiers were the Pennsylvania regiment under Colonel Samuel Black.

1861 – Kansas State School for the Deaf opened in Olathe.

1863 – Minnesota School for the Deaf opened in Faribault.

1864 News! (Gallaudet) Gallaudet College opened. The Enabling Act was signed by President Abraham Lincoln. The college was previously established as Kendall School in 1857 with Edward Miner Gallaudet as superintendent. On April 8, 1864, the 38th congress of the America, authorized the Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind, to confer degrees in liberal arts and sciences that are usually conferred in colleges. Edward M. Gallaudet became the first president and continued until 1910. In September, the CIDDB was named the National Deaf Mute College.

1865 – The Empire State Association of the Deaf was formed. It was the first state association of the Deaf.

1866 News! (Gallaudet) Melville Ballard was the first graduate of the college.

1866Joanna Sullivan was born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts. She was known as “Anne Sullivan” the faithful “Teacher” of blind and deaf Helen Keller. Anne Sullivan died in 1936. (Book available SWM).

1866Frederick Law Olmsted presented plans for National Deaf Mute College (now Gallaudet University).

1867 – Lexington School opened in New York City, becoming the first pure oral school in the country. Clarke School soon followed in Northampton, Maine.

1868 – Maryland School for the Deaf opened in Frederick, Maryland.

1869 – North Carolina became the first state to provide an institution for the education of black deaf children. The school was named the Governor Morehead School.

1869 – Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf opened in Edgewood.

1869Amos Kendall died.

1870 – Ohio School became the first school for the deaf to play baseball.

1870 – Oregon School for the Deaf opened in Salem.

1870 – West Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind opened in Romney

1871 News! (Gallaudet) Chapel Hall completed construction. President Grant dedicated the building. Mortgage on Kendall Green was paid with seventy thousand dollars from Congress.

1872 – Nebraska School for the Deaf opened in Omaha.

1873 – George Wallis published book; “Language of Touch – a narrative illustrating the instruction of the Blind and Deaf Mute” based on a deaf blind woman named Mary Bradley.

1874 News! (Gallaudet) Gallaudet purchased the personal library of Charles Baker of England. The library is part of Archives’ Baker Collection of rare books related to the Deaf.

1874 – Lutheran School for the Deaf opened in Detroit, Michigan.

1874 – Colorado School for the Deaf opened in Colorado Springs.

1875Deaf Mutes’ Journal published. A popular newspaper of the Deaf.

1875 – Cincinnati Public School for the Deaf opened in Ohio.

1875 – New York State School for the Deaf opened in Rome, NY.

1875 – Chicago Day Schools for the Deaf opened in Chicago, Illinois.

1876Technology! (Telephone) Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. He also used his influence to implement the practice of oralism, banning the use of sign language in 1880 at the Milan conference – thus restricting communication for the deaf blind.

1876 – Rochester School for the Deaf opened in Rochester, NY.

1876 – Rhode Island School for the Deaf opened in Providence.

1876 – Governor Baxter School for the Deaf opened in Portland, Maine.

1876 – Henry W. Syle & AW Mann were the first Deaf ordained clergymen in USA.

1877 News! (Gallaudet) Sophia Fowler Gallaudet (wife of T. H. Gallaudet) died. She was born in 1798 and entered ASD at the age of 19 with her older sister and a cousin. She married in 1821 to Thomas H. Gallaudet. She had 8 children with Gallaudet and became the Kendall School’s first matron when her son, Edward, was invited to be the superintendent of the Columbia Institution. 1918 – The first woman’s dormitory was named in her memory.

1879 – Beverly School for the Deaf opened in Beverly, Massachusetts.

1880 – The National Association of the Deaf (NAD) was established in Cincinnati, Ohio. The first president was Robert P. McGregor of Ohio. He formed the local committee for the first convention. The conference addressed issues of social change, Deaf education, Deaf Marriage, rights, privileges, legislation, support of Gallaudet College, and combined system.

1880 – International Congress of Educators of the Deaf met for Milan Conference. Gallaudet attended. James Denison was the only deaf person to attend. The conference overwhelmingly supported oralism. The American delegation and Richard Elliot were the sole opponents.

1880 – South Dakota School for the Deaf opened in Sioux Falls.

was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. As a child she became deaf and blind from “Brain Fever” or “Scarlet Fever.” She lived to be 87 years old and died in 1968.

1881Religious! Episcopal Conference of Church Workers Among Deaf was established.

1881 News! (Gallaudet) New gymnasium (Ole Jim) was completed. The gym was funded by Congress. It was the nation’s first indoor swimming pool.

1883Sports! Gallaudet football organized with coach John Hotchkiss.

1883Ennals Adams Jr. was the first African-American at Gallaudet.

1883Alexander G. Bell read Memoir upon the Formation of a Deaf Variety of the Human Race at the American Academy of Sciences in New Haven, CT, and to the Conference of Principals of American Schools for the Deaf.

1883 – Pennsylvania School for the Deaf opened in Scranton.

1883 – Marie H. Katzenbach School for the Deaf opened in West Trenton, NJ.

1884 – Alexander G. Bell was concerned about intermarriage among deaf and stated they should not marry because this isolated the deaf from hearing society and encouraged births of deaf children. This sparked debate for prohibition of marriage among the deaf.

1884 – Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind opened in Ogden.

1884 – Northern New York School for the Deaf opened in Malone.

1885 – Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind opened in St. Augustine.

1886 News! (Gallaudet) Construction of Dawes House was completed. Dawes House was designed and planned by Deaf architect Olof Hanson.

1886News! (Gallaudet) First women admitted to Gallaudet College on conditional basis.

1886Sports! William Dummy Hoy began his fifteen year career in professional baseball. He was widely attributed for developing the hand count and signals for umpires in baseball. He played for the Cincinnati Reds and Washington Senators.

1886 – Washington State School for the Deaf opened in Vancouver.

1887 – Alexander G. Bell established the Volta Bureau.

1887– New Mexico School for the Deaf opened in Sante Fe.

1887Sports! Albert Berg (deaf) accepted an offer to coach football at Purdue University.

1889 News! (Gallaudet) Gallaudet College Alumni Association was organized at the third convention of the National Association of the Deaf in Washington DC. Elected to office were Ballard president, Hotchkiss Vice President, Veditz secretary, and Draper as Treasurer.

1889News! (Gallaudet) Statue of Thomas H. Gallaudet and Alice Cogswell, sculpted by Daniel Chester French was unveiled. Robert P. McGregor said: “With the appearance of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet upon the scene, the history of the deaf of this country begins. Commanding the highest art of the sculptor, his children of silence have placed his statue here in commemoration of his grand work in their behalf. It springs from their hearts; it is worthy of them; it is worthy of the sculptor who created it…it is sublime in the nationality, the universality of the sentiment which it symbolizes.” (Note: Picture of statue on back pages this manual)

1890 – British Deaf Association was founded.

1890 – North Dakota school for the Deaf opened in Devils Lake.

1892News! (Gallaudet) Alto Lowman was the first deaf woman to graduate from Gallaudet.

1892 News! (Gallaudet) The OWLS for Deaf students was formed. Before then, women newly admitted to the College were only there on an experimental basis. The men considered them of somewhat an intrusion. They could not attend Literary Society meetings without a female chaperone. The first president of OWLS was Agatha Tiegel Hanson.

1892 – Cleveland Day School for the Deaf opened in Ohio.

1893News! (Gallaudet) Agatha Tiegel Hanson (president of OWLS) was the first woman to graduate with a four year degree, a Bachelor of Arts. She delivered the commencement speech. The Gallaudet College Alumni Association met in Chicago and drafted a petition to rename the National Deaf Mute College as Gallaudet College in honor of Thomas H. Gallaudet. Note: The petition was accepted and college was renamed in 1894.

1893 – World Congress of the Deaf met in Chicago.

1893 – Montana School for the Deaf and the Blind opened in Great Falls.

1894News! National Deaf-Mute College was changed to Gallaudet College.

1894News! Ground was broken for the Volta Bureau building in northwest Washington. Funds were derived from the Volta Prize that Alexander G. Bell won for inventing the telephone. Volta Bureau’s purpose was to become a center to house information on deafness.

1895 News! (Gallaudet) May Martin was hired as the first female faculty at Gallaudet College. She departed the position in 1900 to marry Henry L. Stafford and died in 1908.

1895 – Minneapolis Day School for the Deaf opened in Minnesota.

1896 Sports! (Gallaudet) Deaf women students at Gallaudet established a basketball team. The first captain was Emma Kershner, ‘97 and their record was 3-0. Male students didn’t have a basketball team until 1905.

1897Sports! (Gallaudet) William Geiluss, a deaf place kicker on Gallaudet College football team, sent the ball over the bar 27 times out of 31 tries between 1897 and 1901.

1898 – Oklahoma School for the Deaf opened in Sulphur.

1900News! (Gallaudet) Elizabeth Peet joined female faculty as Dean of Women.

1901News! The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf was formed as an insurance carrier for Deaf men. They established an auxiliary in 1910 for women and then admitted women as full members in 1951.

1901 News! (Gallaudet) The Kappa Gamma fraternity was established at Gallaudet, the first permanent fraternity on campus. The first Grand Rajah was John Fisher in 1901.

1901 – Technology! The first electric hearing aid (radio aid) was developed.

1901Sports! The first football game was played between two deaf schools. The Tennessee School for the Deaf and the North Carolina School for the Deaf. North Carolina won 51-0.

1902 – Diamond Head School for the Deaf opened in Honolulu, Hawaii.

1902Helen Keller earned a BA degree cum laude at Radcliffe College.

1903 – African-American children were transferred from Columbia Institution to the Maryland School for Colored Deaf Mutes in Baltimore.

1905Sports! Luther H. Taylor (deaf) played on the 1905 New York Giants team which won the World Series.

1906 – Idaho Schoo
l for the Deaf and the Blind opened in Gooding.

1909 – On April 7, William Howard Taft overturned Roosevelt’s earlier decision to prohibit deaf people from taking civil service exams for federal jobs.

1909 – Virginia School for the Deaf opened in Hampton.

1910 News! (Gallaudet) February 6 there was a big fire in the College Hall causing $25,000 in damages and losses. Students, faculty, and fire department worked hard to put out the fire. It was bitter cold and the water turned into ice, encasing the entire building in ice.

1910 News! (Gallaudet) Percival Hall was installed as president of Gallaudet College. He was a Harvard graduate. In 1892 he earned a B.A. degree and earned his Master’s degree in 1893. He first taught at New York School for the Deaf then returned to Gallaudet in 1895 as a professor of mathematics.

1910 – The Volta Review began its publications.

1910 – Alice Nicholson was installed as first female Editor-in-Chief of The Buff and Blue. The next female Editor-in-Chief, Alice McVan was appointed in 1927-1928.

1910 1920 Films! The Teens preserved Sign Language film series, poems, lectures, and stories in Sign Language on film. Funds for the projects were raised by George Veditz.

1911 – Arizona School for the Deaf and the Blind opened in Tucson.

1912 – Juliette “Daisy” Gordon Low, a late deafened woman founded the Girl Scouts of America in Savannah, Georgia. In 1919, the Illinois School for the Deaf was the first to start a scout troop for girls.

1914Dr. Harry Best published The Deaf; Their Position in Society and the Provisions for their Education in the U.S.

1914 – Edwin Nies was the first deaf person to earn a Doctor of Dental Sciences. He earned the degree from the University of Pennsylvania.

1914 – Central Institution for the Deaf opened in St. Louis.

1916-1920 – News! Deaf women began an era of female leadership of state associations. Annie Lashbrook and Alice Terry were elected as Presidents of the Empire State Association of the Deaf and the California Association of the Deaf respectively. Olga Anderson presided over the North Dakota Association of the Deaf.

1917 – September 26, Dr. Edward M. Gallaudet died.

1921Technology! Earl C. Hanson patented the first vacuum-tube hearing aid.

1922Alexander Graham Bell died on August 1 in Nova Scotia, Canada.

1922Sports! Rolf Harmsen became first deaf athlete to run 100-yard dash in 9.8 seconds.

1923 News! (Gallaudet) The first aerial view photo was taken of Kendall Green.

1923Sports! (Gallaudet) Football field “Garlic Field” was renamed “Hotchkiss Field.”

1924Sports! The International Committee of Silent Sports (ICSS) was founded on August 16 by E. Rubens Alcais of France and Antoine Dresse of Belgium following the first International Games for the Deaf which were held in Pershing Stadium in Paris. The first games in the United States took place in 1965 in Washington, DC.

1926 – Edith Fitzgerald published Straight Language for the Deaf.

1926 – Deaf artist Henry Humphrey Moore died.

1928News! Nellie Zabel Willhite (deaf) was licensed to fly in South Dakota. She is believed to be the first solo deaf pilot in the world.

1930 – U.S. Bureau of the Census did a census of deaf people.

1933Sports! Everett “Silent” Rattan won 109 straight wrestling matches as a professional deaf wrestler.

1934 – Federal survey of the deaf and hard of hearing began under U.S. Office of Education.

1934Sports! (Gallaudet) Gallaudet had its first Homecoming football game against Shenandoah College. Gallaudet won 7-6.

1936Religious! One of the first Baptist Deaf ministries was organized in Wealthy Street Baptist Church, 2233 Michigan St. NE in Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503 by Rev. Harold Christensen (a deaf graduate of Nebraska School for the Deaf in Omaha). Gilbert L. Branagan (deaf) continues to lead the deaf ministry.

1936 – Anne Sullivan “Teacher” of Helen Keller died

1937 – Ernest Marshall produced a motion picture in Sign Language for deaf audiences.

1940 – Helmer Myklebust published The Psychology of Deafness.

1942 – The John Tracy Clinic for the Deaf (by Mrs. Spencer Tracy) opened in Los Angeles.

1943News! The Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet Liberty ship was built and commissioned for World War II. Later, during the Lend-Lease agreement with the Soviet Union, it was renamed the Maikop. In 1951 it was sold to a private corporation.

1943 – Harry Best’s book, Deafness and the Deaf in the United States was published.

1943Sports! (Gallaudet) The season of the 5 Iron Men came into the tournament with a 4-11 record. The Gallaudet team played with only five men and no alternates. Holcomb, the leading scorer only had 16 points, whereas Roberts had 41 points although he had only had 87 points for the entire season. 1943 was also the year Gallaudet won the pennant. The five Ironmen were Hal Weingold, Earl Roberts, Paul Baldridge, Roy Holcomb, and Don Padden.

1945Sports! The American Athletic Association of the Deaf was established in Akron, Ohio where the Deaf worked for Firestone and had established a colony.

1947News! Rhulin Thomas of D.C became the first deaf aviator to fly coast to coast.

1947 – News! (Gallaudet) Hall retired as president of Gallaudet College and Leonard M. Elstad was named as third president of Gallaudet College.

1947Religious! One of the first known Deaf Interpreted church services in a Baptist Church was provided at Akron Baptist Temple in Akron, Ohio. Pastor Dallas F. Billington was touched by a local deaf couple and provided an interpreter in all church services.

1949 – Religious! Rev. Carter Bearden (deaf) was appointed as a Southern Baptist Missionary in Waco, Texas where he served as the conference’s first president in 1949 and 1950 before moving to Atlanta to serve as Southern Baptists’ first national missionary to the deaf. Rev. Carter Bearden, B.D., Th.M attended Gallaudet College, and received his B.A. from Baylor University. His B.D. is from New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, and his Th.M. is from Columbia Theological Seminary. Carter is a native of Dallas, Texas and served 39 years as field consultant on ministry to the dea
f throughout the Southern Baptist Convention. Rev. Carter Bearden is presently retired.

1950Technology! Behind the ear hearing aid became available. Transistor hearing aid appeared on the market.

1950Religious! First service for the deaf interpreted at a Billy Graham Crusade in Portland, Oregon. After observing the Deaf in the Crusade Billy Graham decided that “Deaf Interpreting” would be available at all his crusades.

1951 – News! The first World Congress of the World Federation of the Deaf was held.

1953 News! (Gallaudet) Delta Epsilon was founded on Kendall Green as the first Greek Letter Sorority for deaf women. The founders were Gloria Wojick, Ann Lister, Joan Macaluso, and Eloise Bolen.

1953 – California School for the Deaf opened in Riverside.

1953Religious! The Bill Rice Ranch in Murfreesboro, Tennessee was established by Dr. Bill and Cathy Rice. They saw the spiritual need of the deaf because of their deaf daughter, Betty. This was one of the first known free camps for the Deaf. The ranch still continues to this day. Contact:

1954 News! (Gallaudet) Andrew Foster was the first African American graduate of Gallaudet College. He went on to found 31 schools and 2 centers for the Deaf in Africa.

1954News! (Gallaudet) The Columbia Institution of the Deaf and Dumb was reorganized. Gallaudet College became the parent institution, containing the college as well as the Graduate Department and Kendall School.

1954 News! (Gallaudet) The OWLS changed their name to Phi Kappa Zeta.

1954News! The Supreme Court outlawed segregation forcing colored schools for the deaf to close and integrate with institutions serving white children.

1956 – Jewish leaders in Deaf community organized the National Congress of Jewish Deaf.

1956NAD officials and state representatives met at the Missouri School for the Deaf to reorganize the National Association of the Deaf (NAD).

1957News! (Gallaudet) Ida Wynette Gray Hampton was the first deaf African-American woman to graduate from Gallaudet College.

1958 Technology! President Dwight Eisenhower signed the PL 85-905 establishing Captioned Films for the Deaf.

1958 – Religious! Deaf ministry established by Trinity Baptist Church 800 Hammond Blvd. in Jacksonville, Florida. First leader was Dorothy Morgan. 2011 – Deaf pastor John Olson.

1960News! Maxine Tull Boatner published Voice of the Deaf, a biography of Dr. Edward M. Gallaudet.

1960News! Stokoe published his findings about sign language as a legit language. His publication did not attract much attention until it was republished in 1965 with Casterline and Croneberg as Dictionary of ASL on Linguistic Principles.

1960Junior National Association of the Deaf was established for deaf youths. Their first national convention at Gallaudet was in 1968.

1961 – Georg von Bekesy won Nobel Prize for inner-ear research.

1963 – International Congress on the Education of the Deaf met at Gallaudet College.

1963 Sports! (Gallaudet) The Gallaudet Basketball team played in their first international game against the University of Paris. The match was closely contested but Gallaudet lost.

1964 – Technology! “Picturephone” demonstrated by AT&T at the World’s Fair.

1964Technology! Robert Weitbrecht, a deaf inventor, invented the acoustic coupler which is similar to the American textphone. The coupler allows people to use typewriters to send messages over the telephone.

1964News! President Lydon B. Johnson signed Public Law 89-36, which provided for the establishment and operation of a National Technical Institute for the Deaf, on June 8, 1965. NTID, a federally funded institution located on the campus of the Rochester Institute of Technology was the first technological college for deaf students in the world.

1964The National Association of the Deaf gave women members the right to vote.

1964 – Registry of Interpreters (RID) for the Deaf was organized in Muncie, Indiana.

1964Sports! The National Deaf Bowling Association was organized.

1965Sports! American Athletic Association of the Deaf sponsored the 10th International Games for the Deaf in Washington, DC.

1966 News! (Gallaudet) Dr. N. Judge King was the first African-American faculty hired at Gallaudet College. Fred Schreiber became the first executive director of the National Association of the Deaf.

1966 – The National Theater of the Deaf was established.

1966Religious! Silent Word Ministries (Trenton, Georgia) was founded by Dr. Ted Camp to reach the Deaf world with the Gospel through publications, mission board, newspaper, literature and a Bible correspondence program. (

1967 – National Theater of the Deaf went on their first national tour.

1967 News! (Gallaudet) The Laurent Clerc Cultural Fund was presented to Gallaudet to promote projects and activities which would lead to the cultural enrichment of Deaf people.

1968Technology! Alexander Graham Bell Association and National Association of the Deaf formed Teletypewriters for the Deaf in Indiana.

1968National Technical Institute for the Deaf opened in Rochester, New York.

1968Religious! Thomas Road Baptist Church (Pastor Jerry Falwell) in Lynchburg, Virginia begun a Deaf ministry. Sue Willmington a nationally certified interpreter became the church Interpreter. In 1973 The nationwide Old-Time Gospel Hour with Jerry Falwell was founded and Sue Willmington was “Interpreter” in a small circle on TV. The Deaf referred to her as the “Lady in the Circle.” This opened the doors for many other TV programs and churches to provide Interpreters for the Deaf.

1968 – Missions! (Peru) Baptist Deaf Pastor Vernon Miller was commissioned to become one of the first Deaf missionaries to Peru.

1968 – Missions! (USA) Eugene Kimmel resigned the pastorate to become a missionary to teach churches Sign Language to reach the deaf. 2010 – His Hands for Christ Ministry has started over 200 deaf ministries in churches.

1969 – News! (Gallaudet) Edward Merrill became fourth president of Gallaudet College.

1969 – Model Secondary School for the Deaf opened in Washington, DC.

1969 – National Technical Institute for the Deaf opened in Rochester, New York.

1969 – Tennessee Temple School for the Deaf opened in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1969 – The Silent News was launched. The first issue, dated January 1, proclaimed in its headline, “Silent News is Born.” Silent News reprinted stories from the media about deafness, and carried original content as well. The paper struggled to survive, and finally ceased publication about a year after its founder, Julius Wiggins, passed away in 2001.

1969Missions! (Mexico) Rancho Sordo Mudo (Deaf Ranch) began March 7th, by Missionaries Ed & Margaret Everett (deceased) Luke and Eddie Everett (sons) now direct the deaf ministry. Contact: –

1970News! The Model Secondary School for the Deaf began operation through PL 89-694 enacted in 1966. It was to provide educational programs for deaf high school students.

1970First Deaf woman to earn a Ph.D was Nansie Sharpless at Wayne State University.

1971Deaf Census ConductedThe Deaf Population of the United States by Jerome D. Schein and Marcus T. Delk, Jr. conducted by National Association of the Deaf NAD in cooperation with the Deafness Research and Training Center, New York University. Listing the National Census of the Deaf Population (NCDP). This informative census book also includes the population of the Hearing Impaired, Deaf and Prevocationally Deaf in each state. The last nationwide study of deafness had been conducted by the US Bureau of Census in 1930.

(SWM: The Deaf Population of the United States…This could be the last US Bureau of Census of the Deaf population of the United States. This rare Deaf Census Book along with several of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet’s Christian children books are on file at SWM – Ted Camp).

1971News! Jerald Jordan became the first American elected president of ICSS.

1972National Association of the Deaf (NAD) hosted first Miss Deaf America Pageant in Miami Beach, FL. First Miss Deaf America was Ann Billington who was also Miss Gallaudet.

1972Missions! (Mexico) Ronald M. Henson from Highland Park Baptist Church in Chattanooga, Tennessee, became a Baptist missionary to the Deaf in Mexico. He developed and published a Mexican Sign Language (MSL) Book and video. (MSL available at SWM).

1974 News! (Gallaudet) Donalda Ammons was the first female Editor-in-Chief of the Tower Clock at Gallaudet University.

1974 – National Association of the Deaf (NAD) did a census of deaf Americans; counts 13.4 million hearing impaired and 1.8 million deaf Americans.

1974 – Technology! The first telecommunications relay service was established by Converse Communications of Connecticut.

1975 – World Federation of the Deaf met in Washington, D.C.

1975News! On November 29, President Gerald Ford signed PL94-142 into law. The law guarantees each disabled child to receive a free, appropriate public education.

1975 Missions! (Deaf Missionary) Ronnie B. Rice from Tennessee School for the Deaf and graduate of Tennessee Temple Schools in Chattanooga was ordained in the Baptist ministry to preach the Gospel to the Deaf. 2011 – He is now a missionary to the deaf worldwide.

1975Missions! (Deaf Missionary) Missionary Allen Snare from Pennsylvania School for the Deaf and graduate of Tennessee Temple Schools in Chattanooga, Tennessee was commissioned into the Baptist ministry to preach the Gospel to the Deaf. Allen Snare is a missionary (2010) with Silent Word Ministries in Trenton, Georgia –

1975 – Religious! (Deaf Ministry) Elvista Baptist Church in Peoria, Illinois began a deaf ministry with Bruce Watt Hannah Inman, Mona Miller, Teri Lynn Hatcher. Don & Marion Webb. Present Leaders: Judy Risius and Al Reed. Contact:

1975 – Religious! (Deaf Chapel) Capitol City Baptist Church in Holt, Michigan established a separate Deaf chapel ministry. Pastor Erwin Robertson with Deaf leader Al Cooper.

1976 News! (Gallaudet) The first Deaf Women’s Conference was held in Washington, DC.

1976Closed Captioning Authorized – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) authorized Line 21 to be reserved for Closed Captioning. (Ted Camp, at that time, from Bill Rice Ranch, spoke before the Commission and Sears Executives offering help in contacting the Deaf community). Sears decided to sell decoders for closed captioned TV).

1977Missions! (Peru) Efata Baptist Church (Iglesia Bautista Efata) a deaf church and school were established in Lima, Peru by Deaf Missionary Vernon Miller. 2011 – Present pastor is Missionary Joe Kotvas.

1977Religious! Missionary Jon Barr surrendered to be a missionary to the Deaf. He graduated from Bob Jones University in Greenville, SC. 2011 – He is now the President of Silent Word Ministries in Trenton, Georgia (

1978 – Religious! (Deaf Ministry) Bethel Baptist Church Deaf Ministry in Sellersville, PA began with Becky Harris. Present leaders: Tom & Joan Vannatta.

1979 – The American Association of Deaf and Blind, Inc was formed.

1980Technology! First broadcasts of a regular series were captioned by ABC. Sears, Roebuck and Company began selling decoders for closed captioning for television.

1980National Association of the Deaf had its first female president, Gertrude Galloway.

1980News! (Theater) Phyllis Frelich won a Tony for her performance in Children of a Lesser God on Broadway.

1980 – Missions! (Philippines) Missionary Bob Himes of Bill Rice Ranch Missions began ministries to the deaf in the Philippines. In 1981 – He established their first free deaf camp in Iloilo. 2011 He has established many deaf ministries in the Philippines. The Himes continue their free annual deaf camps.

1980Religious! (Deaf Church) Deaf Liberty Baptist Church in Overland Park, Kansas was founded by Deaf Pastor David Hanson a graduate of Gallaudet College and Temple Deaf College in Kansas. Contact: (

1981Jack Gannon published Deaf Heritage. Deaf Heritage was the first community history book published by a Deaf author. (NAD)

DBFA (Deaf Baptist Fellowship of America) was founded by Dr. John Clark. DBFA is a fellowship of Deaf Christians that meets annually. Contact:

1982 – The National Black Deaf Advocates was founded.

1982Missions! (Worldwide) World Mission Society in El Paso, Texas was founded by Don & Betty Cabbage. Dr. Don Cabbage has worked in the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Community internationally since 1967. WMS mission is to take the Gospel to Deaf people around the world.

1984Technology! The Cochlear implant pioneers and flourishes.

1984Missions! Missionary Jim Bracelin surrendered to be a missionary to the deaf. Jim and Terry later joined Silent Word Ministries in Trenton, Georgia and serves as the vice-president. He serves primarily in the Northeast. Contact:

1985Sports! Deaf Women United was founded at the Deaf Women’s Conference prior to the World Games of the Deaf in Los Angeles, California.

1986Films! Marlee Matlin (Deaf) won an Oscar for her first ever movie performance. She performs the role of Sarah in Children of a Lesser God. Julianna Fjeld won an Emmy for Love is Never Silent.

1986 – News! (Gallaudet) Gallaudet College became Gallaudet University.

1986Religious! Deaf Baptist Ladies Retreat (DBLR) was established for Christian fellowship in annual meetings throughout America (

1986Religious! (Deaf Church) Pastor Eugene Bordean (CODA) began Liberty Baptist Church of the Deaf 1552 Elmore Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43224 2011 – Pastor David Mason.

1988 News! (Gallaudet) Protest at Gallaudet University – (March 7) Students chanted, “Deaf President Now” to remove Elisabeth Ann Zinser as president. They demanded a Deaf president. On March 10 they marched to the Capitol. Later, Zinser and Spilman resigned. Phil Bravin became chairman of the Board and I. King Jordan became the president.

1989Religious! (Deaf Church) Hampshire View Baptist Deaf Church, 360 Ednor Road, Silver Springs, Maryland was founded by Deaf Pastor Terry Buchholz a graduate of Tennessee Temple University in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1990 Missions! (Africa) Chris and Lucinda of Radebaugh of BIO (Baptist International Organization Missions) started a deaf ministry in Kenya. 1995 – They reached out into South Africa. 1996 – Started the Baptist Chapel for the Deaf (now Bible Baptist Church of the Deaf).  2000 – Started the Bible Baptist College for the Deaf. 2004 – Started the Tshwane Deaf Baptist Church in Pretoria. 2007 – began a satellite deaf church in Johannesburg with missionary Jimmy Tsoukalas. 2010 – Expanded into Zimbabwe.

1990The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) signed into law by President George H.W. Bush. The Americans with Disabilities Act protects the rights of the disabled to education, employment, accessible buildings, and other reasonable accommodations.

1990 – News! Deaf Way event took place in Washington, D.C. The International Conference attracted more than 5,000 Deaf people from nearly 70 countries. They gave their approval and support to the signing of the ADA (American Disability Act) which was one of the most important laws for deaf individuals.

1990 – Technology! Text Pagers – Due to the increased use of pagers, wireless telephones and personal digital assistants (PDA), two-way text paging grows in popularity. Technology helped shape the way deaf and hard-of-hearing communicate – Sorenson Communications.

1990 – Technology! Closed Captioning – PL 101-431, the “Television Decoder Circuitry Act” mandated closed-captioning decoder chips in all televisions over 13″ manufactured in or imported into the United States.

1992Missions! (Ecuador) Deaf Missionaries Ray and Anita Bradley (BIMI) started serving the Deaf in Ecuador. (Estimated Time 1992)

1993 – Religious! Silent Word Ministries relocated from the Bill Rice Ranch in Murfreesboro, Tennessee to Trenton, Georgia. SWM has become one of the world’s largest deaf ministries Visit Web site:

1994 – Technology! Wynd Communications was founded and was the first company to deliver life-changing wireless communications services to deaf or hard of hearing people.

1994 – Intertribal Deaf Council was founded for Deaf people of Native American descent.

1994Religious! (Deaf College) Harvest Christian Deaf College 1314 Old Three Notch Road in Ringgold, Georgia 30736 was established by Dr. Reggie Rempel 2011 – Harvest Ministries now includes a Christian Day School, Deaf College and a Deaf Church. For more information:

1995 – Missions! (Peru) Missionaries Lee and Eva Johnson began serving the Deaf in Peru. Established the Iglesia Bautista para Sordos in Chiclayo.

1995News! The first issue of The Silent Word newspaper was sent free to the deaf and deaf ministries. 2010 – The Silent Word newspaper now has over 50,000 in readerships reaching worldwide via newspaper and Internet. Contact:

1995 – News! Heather Whitestone, Miss Alabama, became the first deaf woman to be crowned Miss America.

1995 – Technology! Motorola introduced the world’s first two-way pager which allowed users to receive text messages and e-mail and reply with a standard response.

1996Religious! (Deaf College) Capital Baptist Deaf College in Silver Springs, Maryland was established by (Deaf) Terry Buchholz –

1997News! The World Federation for the Deaf and Blind was founded.

1998Technology! – Wyndtell was the first two-way pager marketed to the deaf and hard-of-hearing community.

2000 – News! The Silent Word Ministries headquarters was built in Trenton, Georgia in a one-week building program by the Men & Women of Action. The office was dedicated to the memory of Alvin Spurgin the first deaf person who influenced the ministry. 2010 – The ministry expanded into three buildings that headquarters a mission board, Deaf Bible Institute (Correspondence), Teaching and Training Bible Institute, Silent Word Newspaper, Internet ministry and a 24/7 ministry that reaches the deaf worldwide.

2000Technology! IP Relay (November) was first introduced as a means of communication for the deaf community. Rather than rely on a TTY and t
elephone to connect an operator, IP Relay utilizes a computer, the Internet and web browser to contact the IP relay operator who calls and voices the conversation between the deaf or hard-of-hearing person and the hearing person. – Sorenson Communications.

2001 – Religious! (Deaf Church) Deaf Pastor Bruce Kelly established Deaf Baptist Church 1243 Belmont Avenue in Smyrna, GA 30080. –

2001 – Religious! (Hispanic Deaf Church) Mimmac Deaf Ministry established. Mimmac in Spanish means Mira Mis Manos y Cree (Look at my hands and believe..) 2010 – Relocated as “Miami Deaf Church” within “Miami Deaf Center.” The church is now praying for Deaf leaders.

2002 – News! Deanne Bray-Kotsur (known as Deanne Bray) was the first deaf person to star in a TV program . Sue Thomas: F.B.Eye originally aired on the Pax Channel from October 2002 to May 2005. Deanne played a deaf FBI employee based on a real-life person named Sue Thomas who had really worked for the FBI.

2002 – Technology! First “Sidekick” phone, released on October 1, was the first cellular phone to include instant messaging along with on-device email and a full QWERTY keyboard.

2002 – Technology! The original Hiptop was released in October. All the units, from the beginning, have featured “Menu”, “Back”, “Jump” and other keys accessible even when the unit was closed. The Hiptop also featured a speaker which is used for device sounds but not telephone. The headset jack serves a dual purpose, as it is also used for the accessory camera. A later revision of the Hiptop upgraded its screen from monochrome LCD to color LCD. It is slightly bigger than any later Hiptop. It is rare to come across one in current times.

2003 – The British Government recognized British Sign Language as a bona-fide language.

2003Technology! Sidekick became the first cellular phone to place unassisted TTY and Relay Operator calls through the phone’s web browser using a system developed by Jon B. Sharpe at Lormar Logic Company.

2003Technology! VP-100 videophone introduced to provide deaf, hard-of-hearing and hearing users with access to VRS. Videophone technology becomes available, granting Deaf people greater comfort and autonomy in telephone communications – Sorenson

2003DeafNation was founded by brothers, Joel and Jed Barrish. The DeafNation Expo trade show is held in 10-15 different cities across America. DeafNation is the international leader in video content, news coverage, social networking and special events for the greater deaf and hard-of-hearing community.

2004Religious! (Missions) Silent Word Ministries International in Trenton, Georgia was established with Director, David Bennett a veteran missionary who served and established a deaf church in Brazil. The goal of SWMI is to send more Deaf and Hearing missionaries to establish Deaf Churches and Ministries in foreign countries –

2004 – Technology! The Sidekick 2 was released July 10.

2004 – Technology! Videophone VP-200 was introduced. It included improved video quality and deaf-friendly features like visual caller ID, a pan/tilt/zoom camera, a new interface and remote control. – Sorenson Communications.

2005Sports! Gallaudet football enjoyed a 9-0 undefeated season with coach Ed Hottle.

2005 – Technology! Relay Operator providers (Hamilton, MCI, Sprint, Sorenson, and i711) provided direct Relay Operator access from the Sidekick using either one of the instant messenger clients or through a free download, and two companies (Lormar Logic and i711) provided direct TTY access. The free Lormar Logic service provided direct encrypted calling to the United States Social Security Administration and the Internal Revenue Service.

2005 – News! Miss Deaf USA contest began in Los Vegas, Nevada. The first winner was Lacy Tingey of Washington D.C.

2006 News! (Gallaudet) Students again marched on Gallaudet University, demanding the Board of Trustees rescind its appointment of Dr. Jane Fernandez as I. King Jordan’s successor as president. The GUFSSA (Gallaudet University Faculty, Students, Staff, and Alumni) gave them a voice in the naming of Jordan’s successor.

2006 – Technology! The SK3 was released and manufactured by Sharp. It was smaller than previous versions, measuring 130 mm wide x 59 mm high x 22 mm thick. All features, including the line-by-line scroll feature remained the same. Software remained basically the same, but with the addition of more applications.

2006News! (Cochlear Implants) Worldwide over 30,000 individuals with Cochlear implants (1999 – Over 3,000 cochlear implants) FDA approved cochlear implants in children as young as one-year. Excellent speech and hearing results resulted with proper training.

2007 – Technology! VRS Providers & FCC – Federal Communications Commission (FCC) announced its decision to establish a multi-year reimbursement rate for relay service providers. The multi-year rate allows VRS providers to increase numbers of deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals who use American Sign Language (ASL) to communicate.

2008 – Interpreter Courses! Sorenson Communications announced sponsorship of professional education courses that allows interpreters to improve their skills while earning college credit. It is accredited by American Council on Education (ACE). The six-course qualifies for Continuing Education Units for RID Certification Maintenance Program.

2009 – Technology! Sorenson Communications launched Video Center giving VP-200 videophone users a central location to access both information and entertainment in (ASL). Video Center includes SignMail messages/missed-call messages recorded in ASL; videos for VRS services; deaf-related news; and educational information.

2010 News! DeafNation Expo (July) met in Las Vegas, Nevada. It was estimated that 23,400 people from 73 different countries attended this large annual event. DeafNation was founded in 2003 by Joel and Jed Barrish. (Silent Word Ministries International team was very active at this event).

2010 – Technology! IP Relay – (October) Sorenson launched IP Relay. Messages and Outbound Caller I.D. (November) Sorenson began distribution of “Storytime” through Sorenson VP-200® videophones. New Deaf Kids Network™ (DKN™) Storytime will be available for individuals and schools. (December) The Video Center is available through BlackBerry (Note: All Sorenson services are provided at no cost to Sorenson users – SWM).

2010Sports! Pennsylvania School for the Deaf inducted Allen Snare to the P.S.D. Sports Hall of Fame for an outstanding athlete who excelled in football, basketball, and baseball during 1963-1967.

2010 – Gallaudet University Press published a book on deaf people in the Holocaust, “Crying Hands by Horst Biesold. The fate of the deaf in Nazi Germany…few are aware that during the Nazi era human beings – men, women, and children–with impaired hearing were sterilized against their will, and that many of the deaf were also murdered.

Deaf Timelines will continually be updated with new information as and when it is available.

Please feel free to send your dated information, corrections or suggestions that will be added or corrected in the next printing of SWM Timelines. Contact

– Ted Camp.

[Edited by Hannah Coburn, a willing servant of the Lord]


Credits – References – Resources
Deaf Heritage by Jack Gannon (NAD)
ASL Info –
NAD Timelines –
Deaf Population of the USA (1971)
Jerome Schein & Marcus Delk, Jr. (NAD)
Sorenson Communications

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